The U. S. has altered its draft sanctions proposal from a Chapter 7 to a Chapter 6 proposal:
UNITED NATIONS – The United States dropped the possibility of using force against
North Korea over the regime’s purported nuclear test, a concession to Russia and China in the hope of seeing a U.N. Security Council resolution on the standoff passed by Friday.
The presidents of China and South Korea — the North’s main sources of trade and aid — met in Beijing and discussed the proposed resolution, but it was unclear what the meeting had achieved.
Song Min-soon, Korean President Roh Moo-hyun’s security adviser, said the two leaders agreed to “support appropriate sanctions that are necessary for realizing denuclearization of the Korean peninsula” but did not discuss specifics.
The concern has always been that Russia and China would oppose any sanction which actually had some chance of bringing about a change in the DPRK’s behavior.
I’ve always found both Russia and China’s positions with respect to North Korea puzzling unless they’re being purely oppositional. I understand China’s concerns about the aftermath of a collapse of the Kim Family Regime. I have complete confidence in China’s ability to deal with refugees fleeing across their border.
That the KFR will collapse is beyond question. The open question is the circumstances of the collapse and it seems to me that cooperating in a sanctions regime against the KFR gives China a greater capability for managing the situation than merely letting circumstances take their course.